Fundamental Rights of Humans and Animals::


Guarantee of Individual Independent Rights
------------------------------------------
No law can be enacted which abridges, regulates, or otherwise
restricts individual conduct which does not impact the rights and
privileges of others.  An individual only abdicates his rights when he
violates the rights of another or commits an act which imminently and
credibly threatens the rights of another, and then, only in a
proportionate, corresponding, and responsive manner as specified
generally or specifically in this document.

Sovereignty of the Individual
-----------------------------
The property, mind, and body of an adult are sovereign.

An adult is free to do as he sees fit within the realm of his
biological body defined as all structures supplied with oxygen by his
lungs, with nutrients by his intestines, or connected to his brain by
nerve fibers.

It is a biological crime, punished with at least one year's
incarceration, to administer a moderate or stronger psychoactive
substance (as defined in ) to an
unknowing individual.

No individual can be compelled to ingest a substance or undergo a
surgical procedure as a precondition or requirement of any sort,
except that a non-adult can be compelled by his guardians to undergo a
medical procedure or submit to a medical dispensation or regimen that
is clearly therapeutic or that effects the termination of a
pregnancy.

No individual can be asked or forced to submit to invasive biometric
procedures whose results may serve to incriminate the individual,
unless substantial evidence is already extant that the individual is
in violation of relevant statutes, except that a guardian can require
a non-adult for which he is responsible to submit to biometric
procedures invasive or otherwise.

No law can require, forbid, or regulate prenatal genetic or phenotypic
screening practices.

No law can require or forbid human germ line genetic manipulation,
except insofar as constraints on creation of biological weapons may be
applicable.

No law can regulate or prohibit human cloning.

No law can require collection or storage of more than 20000 contiguous
base pairs of an individual's chromosomal makeup, or a facsimile or
record thereof, and these base pairs must be contiguous with the start
of chromosome 1.

Right to Buy and Sell Human Organs
----------------------------------
No law can require, forbid, or otherwise specifically regulate
commerce in human organs or tissues, or transplantation, implantation,
or other use thereof, except as specified in this section.  Living
tissue of a deceased individual can be sold or otherwise transferred
as live tissue only if the individual states this intent in formal
contract or signed declaration before his death.  Living tissue of a
living individual can be sold or otherwise transferred as live tissue
only if the individual consents in formal contract.

Right to Property
-----------------
Property cannot be taken from an individual except as specifically
set forth in this document.

The purpose to which private geographic property is put cannot be
regulated or specified by law or community mandate, except insofar as
certain purposes may comprise gross ecological devastation and so be
forbidden.

The owner or contractually defined tenant or custodian of private
property can use physical means to prevent the theft of private
property or trespassing on private property, provided the offender is
verbally warned first and manifestly unresponsive or defiant, and the
physical means can be reasonably expected to not cause any serious
physical injury.  The owner or custodian is not liable, prosecuteble,
or penalizeable, for any minor injuries - scratches, bruises,
superficial cuts, recoverable cranial concussions, or incidental and
recoverable bone fractures or overextended tendons - sustained by the
offender.  The owner or custodian can confine the offender to permit
subsequent transfer to official custody.

No law can limit the variety or extent of the properties owned by an
individual, or act on that basis, though the purchase of particular
land properties can be temporarily embargoed as specified in this
document.

Deformities Which Generate Legal Inconsistencies
------------------------------------------------
When more than one brain (and corresponding, competent mind) of equal
age and genotype are supplied by a single system of blood vessels, all
minds must agree before any action can be taken which can chemically
or organically impact the gross biological state of the organism.

Rights of the Mentally Incompetent
----------------------------------
No law can deny or abridge to a mentally incompetent individual (as
defined in ) any right except as
set forth specifically in this document. Particularly, only rights,
the exercise of which involves the custody and/or operation of devices
or systems that may physically harm others, can be abridged.

Discrimination by the State and by Substantial Monopolies
---------------------------------------------------------
No law, action, or decision, and no action or decision by a party that
is a substantial monopoly, including decisions of hiring, wages and
salaries, assignment of duties, promotions and demotions of rank,
charges of fees, acceptance as a client or customer, entry into a
contract, and contents of contracts, can be based on or change their
manner of operation based explicitly on race, ethnicity, age, or
except as specified in this document, apparel, coiffure, creed,
deformity, infirmity, or gender, provided that such laws, actions, and
decisions, and such actions and decisions by a party that is a
substantial monopoly, can be based on or change their manner of
operation based explicitly on any characteristic directly implicated
in fitness for fulfillment of the narrowly defined responsibilities of
employment or performance within a contract, including donning of
uniforms while on duty.

This section does not apply to a non-state party when it is not a
substantial monopoly.

Right to Surveillance and Recording
-----------------------------------
No law or contract can forbid or restrict, as such, the right of a
private individual to monitor and/or record any signal (acoustic,
electrical, electromagnetic, mechanical, etc.) provided he does not
physically trespass in order to do so.

Surveillance includes information gathering through invasion of
computing resources, as detailed in .

Right to Secrecy
----------------
At the request of the provider of such information, information about
the thoughts, commerce, activities, and engagements of an individual,
or the commerce, activities, and engagements of an incorporated
entity, must be guarded in confidence by all who are privy to this
information only by reason of deliberate communication or transactions
with said individual or incorporated entity, unless the subjects of
the information have provided permission for disclosure, or in a
submission to the judge of a court to determine admissibility as
evidence, or a court has ordered that the information be produced as
evidence in an official proceeding.

If such information is produced under court order, it is made
available only to the judge of the court, and the prosecution and
defense in the case including their attorneys, unless and until such
time as a conviction has been registered, all avenues of appeal have
been exhausted, and the trial minutes are published, in which case
such information must be included with the published trial minutes if
and only if the judge who issued the final decision relied upon
said information in making his decision.

No information originally gathered through surveillance of an
individual or his communications and property can be made to directly
produce or increase revenue for the individual, organization, or
incorporated entity, that performed, sponsored, or directed the
surveillance, without the express permission of the surveiled
individual.

Information gathered by the state, or by a private party in
performance of a contract with the state, or subcontract within the
purview of a state contract, through surveillance of an individual,
cannot be divulged unless the subjects of the information have
provided permission for disclosure, or to law enforcement officials
engaged in relevant investigation, or in a submission to the judge
of a court to determine admissibility as evidence, or a court has
ordered that the information be produced as evidence in an official
proceeding.

Privacy of Births and Deaths
----------------------------
No law can mandate the reporting (to any individual or organization)
of a human death that was not caused or assisted, in whole or in part,
by another human, or of a human pregnancy or birth, nor can any law
provide penalties of any sort for failure to report such.
Furthermore, except as outlined below, no law can mandate a particular
handling method for corpses, and in particular, the family of a
deceased human cannot be required to hand over the corpse to any third
party, provided the death was not caused or assisted, in whole or in
part, by another human.

A corpse must be handled in such a way as to not pose any reasonably
avoidable potential or actual risk to the health of others, and
specifically must not be directly exposed to the atmosphere at large
for longer than one day after death without containment or appropriate
disinfecting and preserving chemical treatment.

Right to Self-Defense and Defense of Others
-------------------------------------------
An individual can, when presented with a credible and immediate threat
that another individual or set of individuals will commit a biological
crime against himself or another individual, legally defend himself
and/or other would-be victims, through any and all means available to
him, with the corollary that his actions must not exceed in injury to
the perpetrators that which, under the circumstances, can have
resulted from a good-faith effort to use minimal force.  Nonetheless,
the defender is not guilty of any wrongdoing even if despite his best
effort to use the minimum force likely to bring the crisis to
abatement, the perpetrator(s) are seriously injured or killed.
Robbery is a violent, and therefore biological, crime.

Right to Suicide
----------------
An individual has the right to end his own life.

Criminal Incitement Prohibition
-------------------------------
It is unlawful to explicitly recommend, incite, or urge the commitment
of a biological crime (as defined in
), through any means of
communication.  Such an act is a minor non-biological crime, and the
penalty is to be proportionate to the penalty for the biological crime
which was recommended, incited, or urged.

False Incitement Prohibition
----------------------------
It is unlawful to announce or otherwise deliberately communicate a
message the announcer/communicator knows to be false or distorted, if
such announcement/communication can be reasonably expected to lead to
crime and/or cause panic which endangers the physical safety of
others.  Finer delineations of this category of crime, and penalties
therefore, must be specified by law.

Right to Communicate
--------------------
Those incarcerated for murder, i.e. permanently, have no right to
communicate with anyone besides a lawyer in his official capacity, and
other permanent inmates.  No one has a right to communicate with a
convicted murderer, and in general such communication is forbidden.
No one currently incarcerated has a right to privacy or anonymity in
communications.  Aside from these exceptions, the following apply
universally.

No law can interfere in the content of communications of any sort,
regardless of audience and technology, except according to contractual
obligations, and as restricted by the
 and ,
in , in , in , and
as set forth below under .

No law can forbid enterprise in systems and technologies which provide
for anonymous speech or communication, or differentiate them legally
from systems and technologies that do not provide for anonymous speech
or communication.

No law can forbid enterprise in systems and technologies which
facilitate the detection, reception, decoding, and/or presentation of
electromagnetic (including optical), acoustical, mechanical, or other
signals, or differentiate them legally from systems and technologies
that do not provide for such detection, reception, decoding, and/or
presentation.

No law can interfere with enterprise in communications systems which
do not consume contentious resources, except for zoning and
environmental law as explained below.  Specifically, the state must
not involve itself in the private design and deployment of cabled or
directed-beam communications.  This freedom must not be construed to
imply unrestricted freedom to build towers and beam injurious
radiation; that is, zoning law and environmental law regulate in
practice certain techniques of otherwise non-contentious
communications.

It is unlawful to deliberately sabotage the free expression of another
through any means, for example by shouting or through RF
interference.  Furthermore, such interference through negligence must
be immediately ceased upon notification and request, and repetition of
the interference under similar circumstances is construed as
deliberate.

No law can interfere with the right of private citizens, not otherwise
bound by contract, to communicate and associate freely with all
people of the world, or to refrain from communication and
association.

People not able to set up telecommunications access by reason of
temporary incarceration must be supplied with the means of
connectivity, as a shared resource in common areas, and personal
equipment if so desired; for personal equipment, the incarcerated
individual must pay for the service directly.  The cost of common-area
communications equipment, like all costs in all prisons, are covered
by the inmates either by direct payment or through the assumption of
debt.

On Rescue
---------
No law can require that a citizen assist another citizen, regardless
of the distress or injury of the latter citizen.  No penalty for
non-assistance can be specified by law.

On Moral Offense
----------------
The individual does not have a right to be free of moral offense or
simple inconvenience.  Hence, no law can be constructed which grants
to the individual or group, protection from emotional, intellectual,
or moral disturbance, indignation, or offense, except as incidental
corollaries of law forbidding assault, harrassment, theft,
trespassing, and other relevant crimes as defined and enumerated in
this document.

Libel
-----
No one can knowingly communicate an untruth about another party in
such a way that the party's credibility is reduced, or the party's
formally or informally adjudicated eligibility for or likelihood of
attainment of a right, privilege, entitlement, position, or
engagement, is reduced, provided that the state is not the party at
issue.  The penalty for such a communication is publication of
conviction for the act, and payment for the cost of trial, if any.

Freedom of Clothing and Appearance
----------------------------------
Except as mutually agreed in contract, the right of any individual in
a public area, or on private property with the owner's or tenant's
implicit or explicit consent, to wear whatever clothes he wishes, or
none, and to arrange, affix, and/or display hair and earrings or other
ornaments, cannot be infringed.

Freedom of Movement
-------------------
No individual not currently incarcerated can be forbidden to move
about freely within the boundaries of the nation for any reason,
except as limited by private property rights, access restrictions on
access-controlled state-owned property (as defined in 
), and except that an individual
can be excluded by standing court order from specific locales
contained within a radius of up to half a mile, as a precondition of
non-prosecution for harassment.

No identification or other documentation can be required to travel
freely within the boundaries of the nation (which freedom of travel is
subject to the exceptions enumerated in the previous paragraph).

The only permissable justifications for disallowing the movement of an
individual into or out of the nation are current court proceedings or
engagements, or concern for the physical safety of others as
substantiated by statements or conduct of the individual.

Immigration
-----------
Naturalized immigration must be predicated on cognitive and physical
aptitude, personal prosperity, health, youth, alignment with the
precepts of this document, and if applicable, immediate genetic
familial ties (including spousal relationships when accompanied by
children), but not on any other attributes.

In any single one year interval, the net increase in non-native-born
naturalized immigrants cannot exceed one percent of the population at
the start of that interval.

A naturalized immigrant has the same initial set of rights, and
initial eligibility for privileges, as a native-born resident in good
standing.  He is a citizen in every way.

Non-compulsion to Purchase or Engage
------------------------------------
No individual can be compelled by law or by the action of an agent of
the state to purchase any product or service, nor to enter into any
binding contract, loan agreement, or engagement with an individual or
private entity, either specifically or by category, except as this
document specifically sets forth.  Generally, neither granting and
exercise of a license, nor the exercise of a right, can be restricted
or qualified based upon purchase from or contract with any individual
or incorporated entity.

The Right to Carry Weapons
--------------------------
Purpose designed deadly weapon (PDDW) is defined in .

Subject to the following exceptions and restrictions, it is the right
of each adult to own and carry a concealed or displayed, immediately
and accessibly operable, purpose-designed deadly weapon (CIAO-PDDW),
provided he obtains a license by passing a set of verbal and scenario
simulation tests which impartially evaluate the conduct of the
individual while armed as it relates to the rights of others, and
which confirm that the individual has a full understanding of this
section.  Upon completion of this test battery, the adult is a
licensee.  No individual who has been convicted of a violent crime can
be a licensee.  No individual who is mentally incompetent can be a
licensee.  No non-adult can be a licensee.  Only a licensee can own a
PDDW.  A non-licensee cannot carry a PDDW beyond the direct visual
supervision of a licensee.

At all times, the custodian of record of a PDDW and any ancillary
equipment (such as ammunition) must store (holster or pocket) it on
his body, or hold it, or conceal it (under a pillow or mattress, in a
drawer in the room he is in, etc.) while positioned in such a way that
the weapon cannot be easily retrieved without his knowledge, or
position it such that he can surveil it (line of sight, video
monitoring, or tamper detector and alarm), or lock it in a secure
container only he can easily unlock, or fix a lock to the action that
prevents the operation of the PDDW, or leave it out of plain view in a
walled structure with the authorization of the lessor or the owner,
locked such that no one ineligible to take custody of a PDDW can
unlock it, or otherwise keep it under his control.

Except for the guidelines for temporary seizure as evidence as set
forth in , an individual can be required to
surrender his PDDW(s) only after he has been convicted of a violent
crime, or become mentally incompetent, and in either case he is
required to surrender his PDDW(s) and associated ammunition without
delay.  The state must compensate the individual at taxpayer expense
for the fair market value of the PDDW(s) and/or ammunition seized, and
can sell the weapons to the eligible public at large at fair market
value.

The right of a licensee to carry a lawfully held CIAO-PDDW extends to
the right to transport it on state-owned roadways and roadways
administered as though state-owned.  Furthermore, no law can require
separate or distinct authorization to carry a CIAO-PDDW on the basis
of locale - generally, a licensee has the right to carry a lawfully
held CIAO-PDDW anywhere in the nation, except as set forth below.

Access-controlled property is property accessible only through guarded
entrances, locked entrances, entrances equipped with access-
controlling automatic identification and PDDW detection technology, by
scaling of a fence or wall presenting an external vertical face eight
feet high or higher or six feet high or higher and crowned with barbed
wire, by flight, by underground tunneling, or by destructive
penetration.

Property which is not access-controlled is anonymously accessible.

The right of a licensee to carry a lawfully held CIAO-PDDW in
anonymously accessible areas, and on access-controlled private
property with the permission (either automatic or specific) of the
tenant or, if there is no tenant, the owner, cannot be infringed.
Without conspicious display of a sign, or personal notification or
agreement, a licensee is automatically permitted to carry a lawfully
held CIAO-PDDW on access-controlled private property.

The privilege and responsibility of carrying a CIAO-PDDW on
access-controlled state-administered property is granted as specified
by law.

Wherever the right of any licensee to carry a lawfully held CIAO-PDDW
is denied, all PDDW's carried by authorizees must be carried openly
and conspicuously.

Except in individual private dwelling places when the denial is by a
current owning or rent-paying resident, wherever the right of any
licensee to carry a lawfully held CIAO-PDDW is denied, at least one
officially designated security officer carrying a PDDW must be present
on the premises, all usable exits must be alarmed or guarded, and all
usable entrances must be equipped with access-controlling
identification and/or PDDW detection personnel and/or technology.
Only positively identified individuals formally authorized to carry
PDDW's on the premises can be admitted with PDDW's.  Such
authorization must identify the PDDW(s) the individual is permitted to
carry, by description and serial identifier.

Constraints on Use of Force
---------------------------
Physical force, including arrest and detainment, can be brought to
bear on a person only if that person is in the process of, or has just
been observed, committing a destructive or biological crime (as
defined in ), or that
person presents an immediate and credible threat to commit a
destructive or biological crime, or a court has found that that person
is a viable suspect in such a crime and authorized his detainment, or
that person has been found to be a fugitive by a court.

Any use of force is to be the minimum sufficient to bring the
situation to abatement.

On Citizens Abroad
------------------
The state must not use other than diplomatic means, and/or means
mutually agreed to by both relevant states, to protect the interests
of citizens in their private capacities while they are outside the
nation.  Specifically, any physical operation by the state in foreign
territory can only be undertaken with the permission of the
corresponding foreign state, except in time of war when the foreign
state has initiated physical military aggression directly within
the territory of this nation, or within the territory of another
nation with an imminent threat to do so within the territory of this
nation.

Animal Rights
-------------
It is unlawful to treat an animal in such a fashion that its tendency
to injure humans is clearly increased, if and only if the animal is
likely to subsequently be in a position to injure humans who are not
able to make an informed decision regarding interaction with the
animal.

On Harassment
--------------
Harassment is prolonged or repeated expression (specifically to the
harassed) or immediate presence (through deliberate positioning
explicable only on the basis of proximity or relationship to the
harrassed) by a harasser, which is offensive to the harassed, and
which the harassed cannot avoid without altering the physical routines
of daily life, in particular (but not limited to) the locations of his
home and workplace, and the manner in which messages, packages, and
other deliveries are accepted.  To enjoy legal protection from
harassment, the harassed must lodge a complaint with the state, and
the state is thence required to promptly inform the harassing
individual that his actions are interpreted as harassment by the
harassed and that, if his actions indeed satisfy the criteria of
harassment, he is required by law to desist.

A harasser may be an individual, or an incorporated entity (including
the state) represented by one or more agents.

On Cohabitation
---------------
No law can recognize an arrangement of cohabitation as such, or alter
its fashion of application on that basis.  Specifically, arrangements
of marriage cannot be recognized by law, cannot carry legal
ramifications, and cannot be in any way codified by law.