Classifications of and Penalties for Crimes

A physical crime is a crime that involves distinct, specifically and instance-wise enumerable physical objects (besides the body of the perpetrator) as tools, means, or implicit to the objectives, except that use or involvement of the physical means (including but not limited to paper, writing utensils, computers, printers, scanners, mass data storage and exchange systems, and information networks) of information generation, processing, and distribution (including but not limited to the various forms of verbal and visual expression and interaction) for the purpose of such generation, processing, and distribution cannot by themselves be construed to designate a crime as physical.

A biological crime is a physical crime in which the metabolic, biochemical, physiological, or anatomical status of the victim is altered through exposure to a chemical, through use of a machine (a purpose-designed weapon or otherwise), through unarmed assault, or through some combination of these methods, or a crime in which the freedom of movement of the victim is constrained in any way.

A violent crime is a biological crime in which the victim has no substantial control over the action(s) taken by the perpetrator, by reason of overpowerment or by dint of being uninformed or in other than a fully awake conscious state.

A non-physical crime is a crime that does not satisfy the criteria for a physical crime.

A non-biological crime is a crime that does not satisfy the criteria for a biological crime.

A destructive crime is a non-biological physical crime involving destruction, defacement, or other physical corruption of property.

A serious crime, other than theft, is a crime that carries a minimum punitive labor penalty of 500 hours, and if the crime is biological and/or destructive, a minimum incarceration of 3 months.

All biological crimes are serious, and a component of their penalty is a mandatory incarceration for a minimum term of 4 months.   All violent crimes are serious, and a component of their penalty is a mandatory incarceration for a minimum term of 6 months.

A minor crime, other than theft, is a crime that carries a maximum punitive labor penalty of 500 hours,, and if the crime is biological or destructive, a maximum incarceration of 3 months.

If the stolen property is returned in full to the rightful owner in undamaged condition, the penalty for theft is the fair market value of the goods, and the return of the goods themselves comprises full compensation to the victim.   Additional money is paid by the perpetrator to the victim to fully compensate for any damaged or missing property.   If the property cannot be replaced, a penalty of incarceration must be levied, of a duration ranging from a week to 5 years depending on the severity of the loss.   Subsequent recovery of irreplaceable property intact reduces the term of incarceration, and recovery of all the irreplaceable property intact ends the term of incarceration without delay.   Robbery of an individual or of an occupied premises or vehicle is a violent crime and is always punished with incarceration, in addition to the above-detailed penalties for theft.

Assault, rape, wanton destruction (including arson), and sabotage, are all serious crimes resulting in a mandatory period of incarceration. Furthermore, the perpetrator assumes financial libability for full reparations, payable on a basis and schedule to be determined by law and case-by-case.   Fraud, perjury, and bribery, are crimes whose severity and penalty are functions of the consequences the crimes serve to effect, encourage, and/or secure, but whose penalty can include incarceration only if these consequences involve one or more crimes which themselves result in a penalty of incarceration. Defacement and vandalism are crimes whose severity and penalty are proportional to the expense and feasibility of reparations.

Crimes which involve deliberate injurious physical abuse of non-adults, any sexual abuse of non-adults, or any violent sexual abuse of adults, carry a minimum first-offense penalty of 10 years imprisonment.   Second offenses receive life imprisonment.   Crimes which involve the deliberate, cognizant, killing of another human with the intent to kill him, and not justified by the requirements of immediate protection of life and limb, carry a penalty of life imprisonment.

An attempt to commit a serious crime is itself a serious crime.   If the penalty for the crime attempted includes a mandatory incarceration, an attempt to commit that crime results in incarceration whose minimum and maximum duration are half those of the crime itself.   It is noted that half of a life sentence is an undiminished life sentence.

The penalty for a crime must not be colored by variations in the difficulty of detecting the crime, identifying the perpetrator(s), apprehending the perpetrator(s), and proving the responsibility of the perpetrator(s) in a court of law.

For incarceration to be a component of a penalty, the crime must have been biological, destructive, and/or theft as detailed above.



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