Constitutional Enactment, Amendment, and Extension

The constitution of a particular unit of state is the parent constitution of the constitutions of the largest units of state contained by the instant unit of state.   All child constitutions contain the complete parent constitution, and may contain an addendum peculiar to the unit of state corresponding to the child constitution.

Voting on an amendment must be open for exactly one week, and the total voting tally must be published at the end of each day, or any higher frequency.

The portion of the constitution of a unit of state particular to that unit of state can be amended with two referendums separated by exactly one and one half years, in each of which at least 75% of eligible voters affirm the amendment.

Through the amendment process, a unit of state can enact or modify an addendum to its constitution consistent with and constrained by this document, and containing sections whose role is similar to that of the sections in this document.

A nation with a constitution that is not a descendent of this document, and which meets the standard for secession enumerated in § On Aggregation and Secession, can enact this constitution as sovereign law with a single referendum, in which at least 75% of those over 15 years of age and not mentally incompetent or violent criminals affirm the revolution.

Lawful amendment to a constitution automatically and immediately results in the corresponding amendment of the parent-defined portion of each child constitution.   Any time lawful amendment to a parent constitution results in an inconsistency with the addendum to a child constitution, that portion of the child constitution is void until further lawful amendment to the addendum restores consistency.

The constitutional amendment that is the subject of a constitutional referendum can specify alterations, deletions, or additions, of arbitrarily many sections or chapters, except that sections within the constitution of the national unit of state marked as insusceptible to removal or alteration by amendment are thusly insusceptible, and no section can be added by amendment to any constitution or addendum that is thusly insusceptible.   Applicable to a particular constitution, voting can be open for only one amendment at a time.   In particular, voting cannot be open for an amendment to a lower constitution if voting is open for an amendment to a higher constitution inherited by the lower constitution.   At least one week must elapse after voting closes on an amendment applicable to a particular constitution, before voting can open on another amendment applicable to that constitution. If the first vote on an amendment to a higher and inherited constitution occurs after the first vote but before the second vote on an amendment to a lower, inheriting constitution, the second and final vote on the amendment to the lower constitution is postponed until one week after the close of the second and final vote on the amendment to the higher, inherited constitution.   If more than one vote must be rescheduled to follow the close of a higher final vote, they are rescheduled preserving the chronological order in which the referenda were approved, with a one week interval between the close of one vote and the opening of the next vote.   If any constitutional referenda were already scheduled for the above postponed voting intervals or the weeks separating them, they are rescheduled similarly, preserving their initial chronological order of approval, opening one week following the close of voting for the last of the above postponed referenda, with opening of voting for a particular rescheduled referendum following closing of voting for the previous refendum by one week.

A constitutional referendum is approved and scheduled by the legislature constrained by the subject constitution according to the process specified in § Creation of Legislation, or by a collection of the supporting signatures of least 25% of those who would be eligible to vote in the referendum.   The first vote on a constitutional referendum for town or smaller units of state takes place one month after approval of the referendum.   For units of state larger than towns but not larger than counties, the interval is two months.   For units of state larger than counties but not larger than provinces, the interval is three months.   For units of state larger than provinces and smaller than the nation, the interval is four months.   For a national constitutional referendum, the interval is six months. Contained units of state are constrained by the referenda schedule of containing units of state.



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This is a preliminary draft. Pending changes are in The To-Do List