Privately Initiated Litigation
Private parties can lodge certified complaints, which the state is
required to properly investigate. Repeat frivilous complaints can be
deterred with punitive labor not exceeding 36 hours. Filing a
deliberately false complaint is a crime. The party lodging the
complaint can be given the option of proceeding to a trial or dropping
the complaint (dropping does not preclude a mutual settlement with the
defending party outside the formal court context). In the case that
this option is given, if the prosecuting party goes to trial and
loses, it is responsible for the reasonable legal expenses of the
defending party and the court, in addition to whatever expenses it has
accrued. If the option is given, the court can at its discretion
require the prosecution to furnish a prosecuting attorney. In the
case that the option is not given, the state assumes all court
expenses (which become the responsibility of the defendant if he is
convicted), and if necessary the fee for a legal counsel for the
The prosecuting party can choose to act as the prosecuting attorney,
and the defending party can choose to act as the defense attorney.
previous section "On Fee and Penalty Assessment"
next section "Automatic Litigation of Biological Crime"
back to index for this chapter ("The Enforcement System")
back to top-level index
Send email to me at firstname.lastname@example.org
This is a preliminary draft. Pending changes are in The To-Do List