The Democratic Process

All municipal voting can be performed remotely, and no vote shall close less than one week after opening.

Any adult is eligible for an office in a particular unit of state, if his primary residence (more than 180 days of residence within any 365 day period) is within the geographic boundaries to which that unit corresponds, and if he is not debarred from holding that office, as specified in this document.   Any adult is eligible to vote in any referendum or election within a particular unit of state, if his primary residence is within the geographic boundaries to which that unit corresponds, and if he is not debarred from voting, as specified in this document.

No action (in particular, no collection of signatures) can be required for an individual to be a candidate for an office, except that the individual must record in the election coordination database, before the opening of voting, that he is willing to occupy a particular office.   No fee or other barrier can impede the right of the adult individual to officially declare his will to occupy an office.   The declaration is automatically removed after the corresponding election has been completed and the office occupied by a properly elected candidate.   No individual who is not an appropriate resident, or debarred by constitution or statute from holding that office (as explained in this document), or who has not properly recorded his will to occupy a particular office, can be construed as eligable for that office.

No ballot can name a candidate.   All voting must be by explicit identification (written, typed, or spoken), by name (last name only, or any number of given names or initials thereof, in order, followed by last name), of the individual or individuals for whom the voter is casting his vote.   When the voter uses initials, or skips one or more given names, the full name of the candidate must be presented to the voter for confirmation.   When the voter's identification is ambiguous, all candidates that match the name specification must be listed and the voter permitted to chose from among them.   If a set of candidates have precisely the same name, then the voter must be presented with a facial image provided by each candidate, to permit differentiation. If the voter identifies an individual who is not a candidate, he must be alerted to this and permitted to recast his vote at any time before the close of voting, until it has been cast for a proper candidate.

In elections to offices or sets of offices, where a fixed number `n' of positions are being filled, the following procedure is used.   The first round of the election is as described above.   If the aggregate share of votes cast for the top-voted `n' candidates exceeds 50%, those `n' candidates are elected.   Else, the smallest number of top-voted candidates whose aggregate share of the vote exceeds 50%, are the candidates in a subsequent election, and the process repeats until the aggregate share of the top-voted `n' candidates exceeds 50%. The interval between closing of voting in one stage of the election and opening of voting for the next is one week.

All ballots of election must offer the option "No candidate is acceptable" for each position being voted on.   Candidates with a last name of "acceptable" must, in elections, go by the last name "unacceptable." In the event that "no candidate is acceptable" is elected to a position, another election is held one month later to attempt to fill that position.   In the case that "no candidate is acceptable" is elected to a position in a legislature, only those voters who cast their vote for "no candidate is acceptable" can participate in the subsequent election.

Any employee of the state can be removed from office by a direct vote exceeding 62.5% of registered voters eligible to vote in elections to the unit of state of that employee.

The legally specified penalty for any conviction can be cancelled by a direct vote exceeding 62.5% of registered voters within the unit of state of the court that decided the conviction.   The conviction stands, and only the penalty is cancelled, so no appeal by the prosecution is possible.

No one can offer or accept payment in cash or kind for a guarantee of a position in a public vote.   A public voting position cannot be a stipulation of a contract.

No one can be a candidate for more than one elected office at a time; however an individual can occupy more than one office at a time, and can run for an office while maintaining another office.

Only individuals can make donations to a campaign fund.   The identities of all donors must be published.   An incorporated entity, or other individual, cannot funnel a donation through an individual; more generally, the donor must not be accountably rewarded for his decision to donate.   No one donor can account for more than 2.5% of the total campaign fund; the maximum total that can be kept is computed, and for any donation greater than 2.5% of this value, the portion of that donation above the threshhold, and any interest earned thereon, is returned to the donor within one week following the relevant election.

Any broadcaster, cablecaster, or media outlet with a monopoly, as defined in § The Monopoly, who sells time in an advertising arena to any candidate for election to a particular public office or fixed set thereof, or to a particular legislature, must make available the same amount of time to any other candidate for election to that particular public office or fixed set thereof, or to that particular legislature, at the same price during the same hour as advertising time sold to the first candidate as designated by the other candidate, except as rendered impossible by length and number of advertisements, in which case the advertisements must, on request, run as near in time to each other as possible, on a first come first served basis.   Booking of time in an advertising arena by a candidate must be published at the time of booking, revealing the identity of the candidate, and the price, date, time, and duration, of the advertisement, and this information must be accessible without a fee.   No censorship or editing of candidate advertising by the owner of the advertising arena is permitted, though the candidate can be required to supply advertisements that conform to the requirements of the medium, particularly regarding running time in audio and audiovisual advertising arenas.

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