Hedrick Smith is a Pulitzer Prize-winning New York Times correspondent. In CHALLENGE TO AMERICA, Smith writes about the enormous rise in power of the East Asian economy including, "Not just Japan but the 'mini-dragons' [Taiwan, South Korea, Singapore, Hong Kong], and beyond them Malaysia, Indonesia, and, the biggest of all, China..." Smith tells us, "Their economies operate differently from ours. They have a different form of capitalism. They operate from Confucian standards." Smith contrasts the Confucian ideal with standard American capitalism. Smith tells us the traditional American belief has been that each person working for individual gain will result in the greatest common good. That a good American is supposed to work hard for his or her own aggrandizement; a good American corporation for the immediate profit of the shareholders. Confucianism, he says, emphasizes hard work "as an obligation to society, not just to personally getting ahead." We're told in the Confucian tradition, a worker feels strong social pressure to work hard as a form of respect to ancestors, the company, and the broader society. Professional obligations are mutual, Smith points out; for example, companies in Confucian societies go to great lengths to retain their workers. [ "A DIFFERENT FORM OF CAPITALISM" Johns Hopkins Magazine, Dale Keiger ]

Smith's work is globalony. Smith's propaganda shifts the focus away from the America's Council on Foreign Relations, Western European/Commonwealth Institutes of International Affairs, and Eastern European/East Asian Institutes of Pacific Relations -- the real reason for the enormous rise in power of the East Asian economy.

Hedrick Smith is editor-in-residence at Hopkins's Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies. Nitze and Smith are Council on Foreign Relations (CFR) members. Not many people heard of the CFR or know how they operate. The group has purposely maintained a low profile while controlling public opinion throughout the world for over 100 years. Branches in Western European and Commonwealth nations are called Institutes of International Affairs (Britain (R(oyal)IIA, Canadian(CIIA), New Zealand(NZIIA), Australian(AIIA), South African(SAIIA),. India(IIIA), and Netherlands(NIIA)). Branches in Eastern European and East Asian Nations are called Institutes of Pacific Relations (Japanese (JIPR), Chinese (CIPR), and Russian (RIPR)).

When a Council of Foreign Relations member tries to make a difference it is a difference designed to create conflict between two or more target groups. Hedrick Smith targets Americans, East Asians and people of faith. Attacking your targets faith is an effective psychological warfare technique for demoralizing an enemy. Legalizing and encouraging immoral actions is one way of attacking a target groups faith. The CFR controls the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial systems. Encouraging witnesses to lie under oath encourages people to take the Lords name in vain; condones bearing false witness against ones neighbors; and allows the guilty to go free while encouraging people to steal and murder. Legalizing divorce legalizes and encourages adultery and promiscuity. Legalizing abortion legalizes and encourages murder. What better way to attack a people's faith then to confuse them about the ethics and morals that guide that faith?

Peoples actions are strongly influenced by their knowledge base. People act on their beliefs. By corrupting a persons knowledge base you can manipulate their actions. CFR controlled left wing, right wing, and conservative media use "Tactics of Deception" as a sleight of mind to corrupt a persons knowledge base. Council on Foreign Relations members in an ad hoc committee called the "Special Group" and through a vast intragovernmental undercover infrastructure called the "Secret Team" plan and coordinate massive psychological operations scripted using "Tactics of Deception." American citizens are manipulated to accept the particular climate of opinion the groups are seeking to achieve in the world.

Tactics of deception include (1) using vague ambiguous terms to withhold as much information as possible. The Psychological Strategy board is renamed the Operations Coordinating Board; the Council on Foreign Relations becomes "the Establishment" or "the elite;" ( 2) a "limited hangout" -- leaving key facts out of a story; (3) warping historical truth by ignoring it completely and stressing favorable and unfavorable truths; (4) having a credible, authoritative source deliver misinformation; (5) discouraging honest capable individuals from competing for leadership positions by having a CFR insider take credit for a group effort, setting up a standard impossible for any individual to achieve on their own; (6) joining a group and deflecting animosity against another group or turning animosity inward. Tactics of Deception are sophisticated forms of lying and bearing false witness. CHALLENGE TO AMERICA employs most of these tactics of deception.

Rather than looking for common ways for religions to support each other, Smith creates the false impression that Western and Eastern religions are based upon different ethical theisms. This is misinformation. The ethical and moral foundations of Western and Eastern religions are remarkably similar. Eastern ethical codes are similar to the Ten Commandments. Judeo/Christian ethics are like East Asian religious codes of conduct. Confucius taught the Golden Rule 500 years before Christ was born.

Siddhartha Gautamma (563-483 BC), was a religious philosopher and teacher who lived in India and founded Buddhism. Gautamma's followers called him Buddha meaning "The Enlightened One." Gautamma was not the only Buddha of his day. Gautamma taught that all the miseries and discontents of life were due to selfishness and torment of greedy desire. The teaching of Gautamma (Buddha) was embodied in an Eightfold Path. Buddha taught that people should not hate, steal, lie, gossip, or have impure thoughts. Buddhism was primarily a religion of conduct, not a religion of observances and sacrifices. Buddhism had no temples, no sacrifices, and no sacred order of priests. Buddhism had no theology. It neither asserted nor denied the reality of the innumerable gods worshipped in India or any where else in the world.

Confucius (551-478 BC) was the greatest philosopher of China. Confucius taught human nature was good, not bad. He taught people should be kind, tolerant and love their elders and ancestors. The religion of Confucianism encouraged education, good manners, right morals, respect for others, love of tradition and obedience to one's parents. Confucius discovered and taught the Golden Rule. His Golden Rule was: "Do not do to others that which you would not have others do to you." Confucianism was even less theological than Buddhism. Like Buddhism, Confucianism was primarily a religion of conduct.

Mohammed (570-632 AD) was an Arabian camel driver. In his travels he came to know many Christians and Jews. He learned of their belief in one God. Mohammedanism, or Islam, contains many ideas taken from the Hebrew and Christian faiths. Moses, and Jesus are among its prophets. One of the main virtues of Islam is an insistence upon kindliness and consideration in daily life. Equally important is a belief in one God. One of Mohammed's chief teachings was the Islamic Golden Rule -- Let no man treat his neighbor as he himself would dislike being treated. Mohammed and his followers spread their faith by the sword; to die for Islam was to insure a place in Heaven. Conquered people were treated leniently. They were not forced to adopt Mohammedanism. Those who did found their taxes lowered and had a better chance for getting a job. Slaves and serfs were offered freedom if they converted to Islam.

A year before his death Mohammed made a pilgrimage to Mecca. He made a sermon to his people. The sermon established a faith based upon a tradition of fair dealing, a society free from widespread cruelty and social oppression, and a dignified and humane code of ethics. The world of Islam, receives the words of the sermon to this day as its rule of life, and to a great extent observes it. The first paragraph: "Ye people: Hearken to my words; for I know not whether, after this year, I shall ever be amongst you here again. Your lives and property are sacred and inviolable amongst one another until the end of time." -- sweeps away all plunder and blood feuds among the followers of Islam. The Last paragraph makes a slave the equal of a King: "Ye people! Hearken to my speech and comprehend the same. Know that every Moslem is the brother of every other Moslem. All of you are on the same equality."

Smith's arguments confuse and misled. We are told the East Asian economic system, including Communist China, is a form of capitalism. We are told East Asian Capitalism is based upon Confucian ethics, which emphasize "an obligation to society, not just to personally getting ahead." We are told the American economic system emphasizes workers who work for their own aggrandizement and corporations that work for the profit of the shareholders. Smith creates the perception that the American system is based upon selfishness and the East Asian system upon self-sacrifice. By creating tension, confusion, and hate between Americans and East Asians the CFR fraternity of international co-conspirators can control trade and industry in both countries without competition.

The United States Government and economic system are based upon a philosophy driven by civic virtue, not a dollar philosophy based upon greed. Thomas Jefferson made the "Golden Rule" the foundation of American Democracy by changing John Locke's Natural rights law from Life, Liberty, and Property to the inalienable rights of Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness. The change insures that decisions are driven by civic virtue instead of selfishness. The change probably resulted from Jefferson's understanding of the "Golden Rule" and a struggle Jefferson had with slavery. The original draft of the Declaration of Independence contained a scathing denunciation of slavery. [1] Jefferson's change declares it immoral and illegal to consider one person the property of another. If you would be unhappy being someone else's property it follows it is wrong to consider another person your property. If the original draft of the Declaration of Independence had been approved there would have been no slavery after the revolution of 1776. The original draft was not approved, slavery was not abolished, and a civil war was fought leaving a legacy of bitterness in America still felt today.

The truth is neither economic system is driven by the ethical and moral codes of the people of East Asia or America. The economic systems in East Asia and America are driven by a group of greedy, avaricious, characterless, cheats and liars like Hedrick Smith, that belong to the Council on Foreign Relations.

Carroll Quigley's "TRAGEDY AND HOPE" is a diplomatic, military, economic, and cultural history of the world from about 1900 to 1950. Quigley was professor of western civilization and history at the Foreign Service School of Georgetown University. His credentials as a historian were excellent, and he was well-connected with the Washington elite. Quigley was a consultant for the Brookings Institution, the Defense Department, the State Department, and the Navy. In 1962 the Center for Strategic and International Studies was established on the Georgetown campus, where it maintained close ties with the School of Foreign Service. CSIS included a number of people on its staff who had high-level CIA connections. Quigley moved in these circles until his death in 1977. One of Quigley's students was CFR member William Jefferson Clinton. Was Quigley a CIA or State Department operative doubling as a University Professor?

According to Quigley:

"I know of the operations of this network [the Institutes of International Affairs, Institutes of Pacific Relations, and the Council on Foreign Relations] because I have studied it for twenty years and was permitted for two years, in the early 1960s, to examine its papers and secret records. I have no aversion to it or to most of its aims and have, for much of my life, been close to it and to many of its instruments. I have objected, both in the past and recently, to a few of its policies, but in general my chief difference of opinion is that it wishes to remain unknown, and I believe its role in history is significant enough to be known." Why would the Council on Foreign Relations chose an outsider as their historian?

Quigley provides a history of the group of co-conspirators. Quigley tells us the American and British Counterparts were responsible for the massive movement toward collectivizing power on the Social-Communist Left during the past fifty to seventy-five years. Quigley creates the perception that the Group is a liberal-left wing organization. This is misinformation. The group consists of members that could fit into any part of the political spectrum. TRAGEDY AND HOPE, published in 1966, was meant to appeal to conservative and right-wing organizations in America. These target groups were starting to investigate the Council on Foreign Relations conspiracy. Quigley's timely publication made him a favorite of these groups. What Quigley fails to tell the reader is that the American and British Co-conspirators created the "Communist Threat" to provide the world with an enemy they could hate, loath, and would willingly fight against.

Conspicuously absent from Quigley's history is the Council on Foreign Relations role in numerous historical events including: 1. Creating the first Intelligence Agency in American History -- The Inquiry. Inquiry members drafted most of Woodrow Wilson's Fourteen Points, played a key role at the Paris Peace Talks, and formally established the Council on Foreign Relations right after the talks ended. 2. The history of the Council on Foreign Relations War and Peace Studies Group and how it lead to the Council taking control of the State Department. 3. How the Council on Foreign Relations created the Psychological Strategy Board, aka the Operations Coordinating Board, aka the Special group, and the role of this group in coordinating massive international PSYOPS from the Truman administration on 4. How Council on Foreign Relations Members George Kennan and Walter Lippmann worked on a PSYOP that would force the Marshall plan on unwilling Americans 5. The significant role played by Council on Foreign Relations and Royal Institute of International Affairs members in establishing the United Nations at Dumbarton Oaks. Quigley's book is a limited hangout. How could a knowledgeable scholar and trained historian like Quigley miss these important historical facts?

In TRAGEDY AND HOPE, Quigley writes about a British philosophical doctrine called "rationalization." It appeared at the end of the 19th Century, the same time the Rhodes-Milner secret society was formed. According to Quigley, rationalization, "was first used ... to solve problems of mass production, and led, step by step, to assembly-line techniques in which regulated quantities of materials (parts), power, labor, and supervision were delivered ... to produce a continuous outflow of some final product...Naturally, such a process serves to dehumanize the productive process and, since it also seeks to reduce every element in the process to a repetitive action, it leads eventually to an automation in which every supervision is electronic and mechanical." [2]

According to Quigley, rationalization "is a method of dealing with problems and processes in an established sequence of steps, thus: (1) isolate the problem; (2) separate it into its most obvious stages or areas; (3) enumerate the factors which determine the outcome desired in each stage or area; (4) vary the factors in a conscious, systematic, and (if possible) quantitative way to maximize the outcome desired in the stage or area concerned; and (5) reassemble the stages or areas and check to see if the whole problem or process has been acceptably improved in the direction desired." [3 ]

This is a definition of the scientific method. Science is systemized knowledge derived from observation, study, and experimentation. Rational thinking requires applying knowledge in a way that will do the most good for all. Quigley's "rationalization" misapplies scientific thinking to increase product produced at the cost of "dehumanization" -- a most irrational, unethical, and unscientific choice. A choice antithetical to an economic system based on either Confucian or Judeo/Christian ethics. Rationalization isn't a philosophy -- it is a pseudo-philosophy used to rationalize irrational thought. To "dehumanize" human beings and turn them into automatons is irrational -- no human being in their right mind would want this to happen to them.

A taxonomy classifies objects according to their natural relationships. From 1949 to 1953 a group of educators worked together to develop a Taxonomy of educational objectives. Their taxonomy of the cognitive domain deals with recall or recognition of knowledge and the development of intellectual abilities and skills. It contains six major classes:

Knowledge - Recalling specifics, universals, methods, processes, patterns, structures or settings.

Comprehension - Understanding what is communicated and using the material without relating it to other material or seeing its fullest implications.

Application - Using abstractions in particular and concrete situations.

Analysis - Breaking down a problem into its parts -- determining what has to be done.

Synthesis - Designing different solutions to solve the problem by putting together the parts to form a whole -- determing how to do it.

Evaluation - Choosing the best solution or design for solving the problem .[4 ]

Aristotle wrote "any occupation or art or study deserves to be called mechanical if it renders the body or soul or intellect of free persons unfit for the exercise of the practice of excellence." Unfortunately a small group can achieve this state. The group consciously makes decisions that benefit their own self interest at the expense of others. Such a mechanical state is reached if this group is able to achieve control. No matter how well meaning, or dedicated members of the occupation, or practitioners of the art, or students involved in the study -- they will never be able to achieve quality in their work, if the group controlling that occupation, or art, or study will not allow them to.

Quigley's definition of "rationalization" are analysis and synthesis. Quigley's definition is missing evaluation -- the stage that requires making the best choice and puts constraints on the outcome. Such constraints are embodied in sets of ethical and moral guidelines agreed to by the members of a society. Such constraints are embodied in Confucian and Judeo/Christian ethics. Such constraints are embodied in the Golden Rule, the Ten Commandments, the Teachings of Buddha, and the Laws of Mohammed. Such constraints allow individuals to act in their own best interest and at the same time in the best interest of others.

Quigley isn't the only academician to disassociate "evaluative" skills from intelligent, rational, thinking. A recent survey of the psychological literature database showed 1400 articles on intelligence, 256 articles on ethics and only four articles on intelligence and ethics. Is evaluative intelligence missing from intelligence definitions and measures by design?

TRAINING UNDER THE MUTUAL SECURITY PROGRAM, released 15 May 1959, was drafted by CFR member Army General Richard G. Stilwell for CFR member President Eisenhower. Air Force General Edward G. Lansdale wrote much of the material. The Stilwell committee document includes recommendations for a group to bring about attitudinal shifts in people of other nations and our own through an "educational" program.[5]

The Stilwell committee document states,

"...Executive Branch agencies need to maintain continuing contact with the research institutions...our basic deficiencies in linguistics, in political awareness, empathy and cross-cultural comprehension can only be rectified through a measurable reorientation of the American educational system. Contribution to the development of guidelines for such reorientation is an important responsibility of State, Defense and Health, Education and Welfare in close collaboration."

The Stilwell committee document says "the nerve center of an expanded program is the country team." The "country team" is responsible for the Department of States relations with intelligence agencies. The "country team" monitors clandestine operations and analyzes and interprets foreign developments. The State Department Chief of Mission (i.e., Ambassador, Minister, or Charge d'Affaires) and the Deputy Chief of Mission head the "country team." State Department employees include political appointees, career diplomats, and Foreign Service nationals. Most missions have personnel assigned from other executive branch agencies. State Department employees may account for less than half the mission staff. Other executive branch agencies include the Departments of Commerce, Agriculture, Defense, and Justice (the Immigration and Naturalization Service, the Drug Enforcement Administration, and the Federal Bureau of Investigation); the U.S. Agency for International Development; the U.S. Information Agency; the Central Intelligence Agency; and the Defense Intelligence Agency.[6]

The Stilwell Document recommended the "country team" go domestic. That the "country team" "inform or influence public opinion - for agencies of the U.S. Government" within the United States -- including the public school systems. President William J. Clinton, his Secretary of State Madeleine K. Albright, his Secretary of Defense William S. Cohen, and his Secretary of Health Education and Welfare Donna E. Shalala are all Council on Foreign Relations members. Is the CFR reorienting the American educational system to manipulate the American public? Is the CFR corrupting the knowledge base of American youth to influence public opinion to conform with CFR aims? Are Foreign embassies in the United States staffed by members of Institutes of International Affairs, and Institutes of Pacific Relations who help CFR members carry out psycho-political operations focused at Americans including our children?

Hadley Cantril and Lloyd Free were Princeton University Social Psychologists, researchers, and members of the intelligence community. CFR member Nelson Rockefeller funded them to develop psycho-political policy strategies and techniques. Free was one of the first "country team" Public Affairs Officers. In 1947 Free was Special assistant to the Director of the Office of International Information for the department of State. The research institutions, recommended by CFR member Stilwell's committee, were Cantril's and Free's Institute for International Social Research and The Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton University. The Royal Institute of International Affairs and the Council on Foreign Relations founded both Institutes.[7 ]

Did Council researchers, at the Institute for International Social Research and Institute for Advanced Studies, develop extensive research projects and psycho-political operations focused on several generations of American school children to brainwash them?

In 1918 Lewis Madison Terman was a Major in the Division of Psychology for the Surgeon General's Office. Terman was appointed to a five member board to revise Army mental test methods for use in schools. Terman was appointed head of Stanford's psychology department in 1922. During the 1920's Terman was co-author of the Stanford Achievement Tests. In his book Measurement of Intelligence, we learn that the tests were used to measure racial levels of intelligence. Terman writes, the level of intelligence dullness is:

"very, very common among Spanish-Indian and Mexican families of the Northwest and also among Negroes. Their dullness seems to be racial, or at least inherent in family stocks from which they come. The fact that one meets this type with such extraordinary frequency among Indians, Mexicans, and Negroes suggests quite forcibly that the whole question of racial differences in mental traits will have to be taken up anew and by experimental methods. The writer predicts that when this is done there will be discovered enormously significant racial differences in general intelligence, differences which cannot be wiped out by any scheme of mental culture. Children of this group should be segregated in special classes and be given instruction which is concrete and practical..." [8]

In the 1930's Terman applied his bigotry and talent for testing to the measurement of masculinity-femininity. Terman's study included categorizing certain traits as "female" and certain traits as "male." Males that showed high "female" characteristics on Terman's scales include firemen, police officers, and clergy, all of who had high moral and ethical standards. Terman's work on masculinity and femininity laid much of the groundwork for the modern application of psychometrics to personality study.[9]

There are two genders, male and female. Terman's study is an exercise in gender confusion by a racist and sexist. Was Terman's study part of a well planned Council on Foreign Relations/Army Intelligence Psychological Operation to destroy the traditional family, create tension among different cultural groups, and retard progress of the Equal Rights Movement for Women?

In "How Nations See Each Other." (1953) Cantril writes about a tool, developed prior to 1939, to investigate people's perception of their nationality and other nationalities. The tool became known as the Buchanan-Cantril "Adjective Check List." The "Adjective Check List", contained twelve adjectives: Hard-working; Intelligent; Practical; Generous; Brave; Progressive; Self-Controlled; Peace-Loving; Conceited; Cruel; Domineering; Backward. It was based on the observation people tend to ascribe to their group a set of characteristics different from the character traits ascribed to other groups. The resulting self-image is predominantly flattering, while their picture of "others" is strongly influenced by how much they perceive those others to be like themselves. The relative "similarity" or dissimilarity" between group stereotypes is a useful indicator of the degree of like or dislike between groups or nations.[10]

The adjective check-list is used to help script and test the effectiveness of psycho-political operations focused at entire nations. Groups are tested to determine the degree of like/dislike between them. The Information is used to script the PSYOP. The PSYOP is carried out without the groups knowledge. The groups are tested again. The increase or decrease of like/dislike indicates the PSYOP's effectiveness.

Are results from intelligence tests, the Scholastic Aptitude test, Legal Scholastic Aptitude Tests, and Medical College Aptitude Tests made available to Council on Foreign Relations research organizations such as Cantril's Institute for International Social Research? Are these results used as an "Adjective-Checklist" to help prepare and evaluate psycho-political operations focused at the nations youth? As a parent, how do you feel about that? Were experiments conducted upon us and our children without our knowledge? Isn't that illegal? Are part of the psycho-political operations focused at subverting and retarding the Equal Rights Movement for Women? Is subverting and retarding one-half the Nations thinking power in the Nations best interest?

Ethics and morals are the essence of humanity. Without ethics and morals one becomes inhuman. Have unethical inhuman beings with good analytic and design skills been rewarded and revered as highly intelligent, while they consistently choose the solution that will be detrimental to their fellow human beings, to satisfy their own selfish lust for power and greed for profit? Are these inhuman beings actively trying to keep ethics out of the intelligence equation? Are these inhuman beings Council on Foreign Relations and Royal Institute of International Affairs members at universities such as Oxford's All Souls College and the Institute for Advanced Study at Princeton (IASP) who established a power structure between London and New York -- international co-conspirators that "would penetrate deeply into university life, the press, and the practice of foreign policy..."? Is the lack of recognition of the importance of ethics and morals to rational thinking the conscious result of this penetration?

"Rationalization" is a false philosophy used to rationalize immoral decisions. Council on Foreign Relations controlled munition, medicine, media, energy and food industries profit, at the expense of unhappiness and suffering of countless human beings. Their profit is maximized during periods of unrest. They create these periods of unrest through large scale psycho-political operations designed to cause tension between different target groups within nations leading to civil wars, or between nations leading to world wars. The obscene profits generated by their war machine are exhibited as "rationalization" and evidence of the effectiveness of the immoral methods used to generate them. Left out of the profit picture is the cost in human suffering required to produce those profits.

Jeffersonian democracy is based upon a philosophy driven by civic virtue. CFR member Hedrick Smith's globalony is manipulating people into accepting a global economy driven by a dollar philosophy based upon greed.

Senator, isn't it time for Congress to investigate the Council on Foreign Relations?


[1] Jefferson's original draft states, "he has waged cruel war against human nature itself, violating it's most sacred rights of life & liberty in the persons of a distant people who never offended him, captivating & carrying them into slavery in another hemisphere, or to incur miserable death in their transportation thither. this piratical warfare, the opprobrium of infidel powers, is the warfare of the CHRISTIAN king of Great Britain. determined to keep open a market where MEN should be bought & sold, he has prostituted his negative for suppressing every legislative attempt to prohibit or to restrain this execrable commerce: and that this assemblage of horrors might want no fact of distinguished die, he is now exciting those very people to rise in arms among us, and to purchase that liberty of which he has deprived them, & murdering the people upon whom he also obtruded them; thus paying off former crimes committed against the liberties of one people, with crimes which he urges them to commit against the lives of another." From: Thomas Jefferson, the "original Rough draught," Declaration of Independence, June-12-27 1776, manuscript collections of the Library of Congress, 101 Independence Ave. SE Washington, D.C. 20540 & on-line exhibit

[2] Quigley, Carroll, The World Since 1939: A History, Collier Books, New York, Collier Macmillan Ltd., London, Originally published as Part II TRAGEDY AND HOPE, pg 176-177

[3] Ibid

[4] Bloom, Benjamin S, Taxonomy of Educational Objectives - The Classification of Educational Goals, Book 1 Cognitive Domain, (1956, 1984), Longman, New York 95 Church Street, White Plains, New York 10601

[5] Prouty, L. Fletcher Col., US Air Force Retired, The Secret Team, The CIA and Its Allies in Control of the United States and the World, Ballantine Books, Inc., 201 East 50th Street, New York, NY, 1974 pg 499

[6] Clark, Keith C., and Legere, Laurence J., The President and the Management of National Security, Frederick A. Praeger, NY, 1969 pg. 139; and, Department of State Home Page,, section US Missions.

[7] Quigley, Carroll, TRAGEDY AND HOPE, Macmillan, New York 1966, p. 953

[8] Who's Who, pg 864; Dictionary of American Biography 1985 pg 626; The Measurement of Intelligence, by Lewis M. Terman, Houghton Mifflin Co., NY, pgs 91-92;

[9] Ibid; Terman, Lewis, Catharine Cox Miles, Sex and Personality, Studies in Masculinity and Femininity, Russell and Russell, N.Y.

[10] Pollock, Daniel C Project Director & Editors De Mclaurin,Ronald, Rosenthal, Carl F., Skillings, Sarah A., The Art and Science of Psychological Operations: Case Studies of Military Application Volume One, Pamphlet No. 725-7-2, DA Pam 525-7-2, Headquarters Department of the Army Washington, DC, 1 April 1976 Vol 2 pg 806 - The Hungarian Self-Image And The Hungarian Image of Americans and Russians by Radio Free Europe, Audience and Public Opinion Research Department, February 1970 Excerpts from "The Hungarian Self-Image and the Hungarian Image of Americans, Russian, Germans, Rumanians, and Chinese"; Buchanan, W. Cantril, H. "How Nations See Each Other," University of Illinois Press, Urbana 1953; Cantril H. and Strunk M.: "Public Opinion 1935-1946" Princeton University Press