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USA FM 33-1-1
Psychological Operations Techniques and Procedures


Table of Contents in detail
Chapter 1 - Overview
Chapter 2 - Capabilities and Limitations
Chapter 3 - PSYOP Cycle and Planning Procedures
Chapter 4 - PSYOP Campaign Planning
Chapter 5 - Intelligence Gathering
Chapter 6 - Target Audience Analysis
Chapter 7 - Product Development
Chapter 8 - Themes and Symbols
Chapter 9 - Media Selection
Chapter 10 - Media Production and Product Pretesting
Chapter 11 - Dissemination, Impact Assessment, and Posttesting
Chapter 12 - Propaganda Analysis and Counterpropaganda
Chapter 13 - Enemy Prisoner of War/Civilian Internee PSYOP
App A - Deception Operations
App B - Format for PSYOP Estimate
App C - Format for PSYOP Annex
App D - Format for PSYOP Studies
App E - Priority Intelligence Requirements
App F - Field-Expedient Printing Techniques
App G - Leaflet Production and Dissemination
App H - PSYOP Airmobile Dissemination System
App I - Tactical Operations
App J - Development of PSYOP Products
App K - PSYOP Dissemination Battalion Operational Procedures
App L - Sample SCC Mission Letter
App M - Sample PSYOP Unit Mission Letter
App N - Format for PSYOP SITREP


This field manual (FM) sets forth techniques and procedures for implementing United States (U.S.) Army psychological operations (PSYOP) doctrine contained in FM 33-1. It provides general guidance for commanders and planners who must consider the psychological impact of military operations on various target audiences. It also provides guidance for PSYOP personnel preparing operational elements for commitment. It describes procedures for carrying out PSYOP programs in support of other military operations. PSYOP commanders and trainers at all levels should use it with the Army Training and Evaluation Program (ARTEP) to plan and conduct their training.

It integrates PSYOP into the Army's battlefield operating systems (BOS) and is intended for ArmyWide dissemination. Its organization generally follows the sequence of the product development process from planning through impact assessment.

This manual is a guideline, not a regulation. As such, the techniques and procedures it presents should not limit the user, as long as he follows Army doctrine, national policy, and the commander's intent.

In this manual, the word "opponent" applies to groups or individuals who are engaged in conflict-military, political, or otherwise-with the United States, whether or not war has been formally declared.

The proponent for this publication is U.S. Army John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School (USAJFKSWCS). Submit changes for improving this publication on Department of the Army (DA) Form 2028 and forward it to Commander, ATTN: AOJK-DT-DM, Fort Bragg, North Carolina 28307-5000.

The provisions of this publication are the subject of the international agreements listed in the references.

Many terms, acronyms, and abbreviations are found in the manual. Users should refer to the glossary for their meanings or definitions.

Unless this publication states otherwise, masculine nouns and pronouns do not refer exclusively to men.