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USA FM 33-1
Psychological Operations


Table of Contents in detail
Chapter 1 - Overview
Chapter 2 - Threats and National Security
Chapter 3 - PSYOP Missions
Chapter 4 - Force Structure
Chapter 5 - Command and Control
Chapter 6 - Employment of PSYOP Forces
Chapter 7 - Mission Planning and Targeting
Chapter 8 - Intelligence for PSYOP
Chapter 9 - Combat Service Support
App A - PSYOP Capabilities, Assets, and Target Audiences in Military Operations
App B - PSYOP in the Operational Continuum
App C - PSYOP Approval Forces
App D - Operating Systems
App E - PSYOP Staff Officer Duties
App F - PSYOP in Support of Enemy Prisoner of War and Civilian Internee Operations
App G - The Joint Chiefs of Staff, Other Military Services, and PSYOP


Field manual (FM) 33-1 is the U.S. Army psychological operations (PSYOP) doctrinal manual. It describes PSYOP roles, missions, capabilities, and organization. It also describes PSYOP employment, command and control, and support across the operational continuum. The manual is the basis for PSYOP force design and materiel acquisition. It supports the doctrinal requirements of the Concept Based Requirements System. This manual links to the doctrine in Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) Publication (Pub) 3-53: and FMs 31-20, 100-5, 100-20. The manual reflects the current PSYOP force structure. It also incorporates PSYOP lessons learned during operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm.

The manual expresses the United States (U. S.) Army's current operational concept for PSYOP. Users should refer to the manual's Glossary for the meanings or definitions of the terms, acronyms, and abbreviations used in this manual.

FM 33-1 is the doctrinal guide for commanders, planners, and users of PSYOP. It is also a guide for those who must consider the psychological effect of military operations on a target audience. For PSYOP planners who use force structure, it provides the doctrinal principles to plan and prepare PSYOP elements for commitment. It also provides the principles used to direct and maintain those elements after commitment. PSYOP personnel must use their professional knowledge, skills, and judgment in adapting the principles in this manual to their specific situations. PSYOP commanders and trainers should use this manual and Army Training and Evaluation Program (ARTEP) 33-705-MTP to plan and conduct their training.

The U.S. Army John F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center and School (USAJFKSWCS) is the proponent of this publication. We would like your comments or recommendations for improving this manual. Please make your comments on a DA Form 2028 (Recommended Changes to Publications and Blank Forms), keying your comments to specific pages and paragraphs and stating your reasons for the recommended change. Mail your comments to-

U.S. Army John F. Kennedy Special
Warfare Center and School
Fort Bragg, NC 28307-5000

Unless this publication states otherwise, masculine nouns and pronouns do not refer exclusively to men.