On Private Law Enforcement Officers
One or more private property holders can jointly hire, retain, or
become, one or more private LEOs. On behalf only of those parties who
are contractual participants in the guarding arrangement, these
private police can act to enforce law. They can operate within the
constraints on a common citizen, in a people-defending,
property-defending, and offender-restraining manner. Or, through
approval either by the most local law enforcement investigative body,
or through direct democratic approval by the most local body of voters
with the number of yes's exceeding the number of no's by at least 50%
of those who voted, these private guards are vested with the authority
to enforce the whole of law, but only on the property they are
contractually empowered to guard, and within the full set of
constraints on law enforcement procedures as enumerated in this
document and by law, except that he is under no circumstances required
to don a distinctive or easily identifiable uniform. A vested private
LEO can, with supporting evidence, seize persons for crimes committed
in the past, whereas a common citizen can only seize persons for
crimes in progress or just committed.
Private guards cannot have been convicted of a biological or
destructive crime, and cannot continue to be private guards if they
are so convicted.
A private guard must have a primary residence (more than 180 days of
residence within any 365 day period) within the geographic boundaries
corresponding to one of the voting regions most local to the area he
patrols (private patrols can cross state boundaries).
Private guards need not be fulltime; the duties of a private guard can
be attended by any formal contractual signatory including the regular
staff of a facility.
Certification as a law-enforcing private guard can be predicated only
upon lack of convictions for serious crimes, knowledge of law, and
knowledge of the particular tactics and procedures of law enforcement.
The certification procedure must be such that anyone who is eligible
to be hired as a state law enforcement officer, is certified, and any
specialized training available to prospective state law enforcement
officers, must be available to a prospective certificant for the same
fee (payable by the prospective certificant or by a sponsor) as is
required of prospective officers or their sponsors. Entry into these
training programs can (though need not necessarily) be predicated on
lack of conviction for a destructive or biological crime.
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This is a preliminary draft. Pending changes are in The To-Do List